Haiti was the first country to declare independence in the Americas in 1804. However, the Caribbean country’s past has been marked with political and social violence. Today, it’s the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Eighty percent of Haitians live in poverty with insufficient resources to overcome growing health challenges, such as including HIV/AIDS, malaria and water-borne diseases.
PSI/Haiti began programs in 1989 to ensure access to affordable health products and services, and promote safe sexual behaviors. Current PSI/Haiti programs are adding thousands of hours of DALYs.
Haiti has one of the oldest AIDS epidemics and one of the highest rates of HIV infection in the world outside of sub-Saharan Africa. Gaps exist in testing, treatment and prevention, and stigma and discrimination stagnate the problem.
PSI/Haiti targets high-risk groups such as youth, commercial sex workers and law enforcement with mass media and peer education. Messages stress correct and consistent condom use, partner reduction, and the importance of testing. PSI/Haiti has also developed strategic partnerships with national and community-based media.
Since its inception, PSI/Haiti has sold more than 100 million male condoms and about 300,000 female condoms. PSI/Haiti also provides voluntary counseling and testing through mobile sites to reach target at-risk groups in Port-au-Prince.
The Americans region as a whole boasts a greater than 30 percent decrease in reported malaria cases and deaths since 2000. However, Haiti has not been a part of this progress.
In 2005, PSI/Haiti partnered with the Ministry of Health and Population to promote insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). The next year, the partnership marketed Serena-brand and generic ITNs, and distributed them to pregnant women and families with children under 5 years old. Another project is under way that is selling and distributing 300,000 ITNs over five years through NGO partners and commercial distributors. This project targets high-risk areas such as the Artibonite Valley, which has low altitude and abundant rainfall.
Haiti has the lowest contraceptive prevalence in Latin America and the Caribbean. Only 18 percent of Haitians use family planning, compared to well over 60% in Cuba, Columbia and Brazil. PSI/Haiti’s family planning program works with pharmaceutical distributors and retailers to make Pilplan, an oral contraceptive, and Confiance, a three-month injectable contraceptive, easily available. Social marketing campaigns also empower women with slogans, such as “C’est moi qui decide!” (“I’m the one to decide!”). Sales of female condom Reyalite increased 126% after this slogan debuted.
Diarrhea is endemic in Haiti and the second cause of death among children under 5 years old. Recently, water access and quality in Haiti has suffered even more than what’s typical due to civil unrest and earthquake damage.
PSI/Haiti has introduced two point-of-use household water treatment products – PuR and Dlo Lavi – to increase access to safe water and lower the risk of developing diarrhea. Point-of-use water treatments have shown reductions of 30 percent to 50 perecent in diarrhea disease, with even higher reductions during water-borne epidemics.
In October 2005, PSI/Haiti expanded into child nutrition when it launched Babyfer, an iron and micronutrient supplement to reduce the risk of anemia and related development problems. PSI/Haiti also provides Sel Lavi-brand oral rehydration salts to treat and prevent diarrhea-related dehydration.
Blood donation in Haiti is the lowest in the Western Hemisphere. In 2005, PSI/Haiti began collaborating under the direction of the Ministry for Public Health and Population to improve this ranking with a campaign to inspire volunteers to donate regularly.
- Family Health International
- Management Sciences for Health
- Haitian Ministry of Health
- Haitian National Police
- Programmes Nationaux de Malaria et Filariose Lymphatique
- Unité de Coordination et Planification
- Catholic Relief Services
- Association of Evangelical Relief and Development Organizations (AERDO)
- Plan International
- Coordination des Hopital Albert Schweitzer
- Association Des Oeuvres Privées de Santé
- CARITAS Haiti
- Management and Resources for Community Health
- Volontariat pour le Développement
- Foundation for Reproductive Health and Family Education
- Croix Rouge Haitien
- Centre de Developpement et de la Santé
- Haitian Group for the Study of Kaposi’s Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (GHESKIO)
- More local agencies
- Fertility and the World Cup in Haiti
In 2012 PSI/Haiti started a project which focuses on men and family planning. The idea was simple: If we train men in an environment in which they are comfortable, and where they are among other men like them, they begin to listen, they begin to talk and they begin to learn. And, as Anick Supplice Dupuy writes in the Huffington Post, we have been able to prove that our theory works.
- 2012 Mid Year Region and Country Dashboards, Latin America and the Caribbean
- 2011 Region and Country Dashboards, Latin America and the Caribbean
- COMING OF AGE IN THE DIGITAL ERA: REACHING YOUTH WITH TECHNOLOGY
With today’s rapid advances in technology, people all over the world are more connected than ever. These technologies impact everyone, yet one group of people is always up to date with the most cutting-edge technology available: youth. While the country context may differ, young people know what the newest technology is and how to use it.
- 2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH PLAN – HAITI
- Determinants of intention to use condoms among clients of female sex workers in Haiti
Authors: Marie-Claude Couture; Julio C. Soto; Edit Akom; Gerard Joseph; Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
Abstract: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to examine factors influencingintention of condom use among 378 clients
- IAC 2010: Haiti — Factors Influencing Condom Use
- Haïti (2007): Etude TRaC Examinant l’utilisation du supplément alimentaire chez les enfants de 6-24 mois. Premier Passage
Study Type: Tracking Results Continuously (TRaC)
Country, Region: Haiti, Latin America & Caribbean
Author: Louis-Marie Boulos, MD, MPH, DrPH
Publication Year: 2007
Abstract: Cette étude est le premier tour de la série d’étude TRaC sur l’utilisation du supplément alimentaire par les enfants de 6-24 mois en Haïti. Son principal objectif est d’identifier les déterminants-clés de l’utilisation du supplément alimentaire par ces enfants. Son objectif secondaire est de fournir les niveaux de base des indicateurs de suivi du cadre logique et du programme de Santé Materno-infantile de PSI.
- Haïti (2008) : SANTE MATERNO-INFANTILE. Enquête MAP sur la Couverture, la Qualité de la Couverture, l’Accès et la Pénétration du micronutriment Babyfer, du Sel de Réhydratation Orale Sèl Lavi et de la moustiquaire imprégnée d’insecticide Séréna. Deuxième
- Haïti (2009): Enquête TRaC pour le suivi et l’Evaluation de l’utilisation du produit de Traitement d’Eau (DLO LAVI) chez les enfants de moins de 5 ans. Premier Passage.