Globally, pneumonia is the leading cause of death among children under five years old after the neonatal period. Each year, pneumonia kills over 2 million children, more than AIDS, malaria and measles combined.
Pneumonia is a preventable and treatable disease that affects children and families everywhere, but mostly in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where we concentrate our pneumonia interventions.
Prepackaged Antibiotics Treatment
Pneumonia is a severe form of acute respiratory infection, mainly caused by a bacterial pathogen. With early diagnosis and care, it can be easily treated with antibiotics.
We developed easy-to-use pre-packaged antibiotic therapy kits to treat pneumonia in children under five years old and made them available through private clinics and community-based health workers as permitted by national policy.
In addition, we use behavior change techniques and communications to promote pneumonia prevention, as well as early identification of pneumonia signs and early seeking of health care services.
Community health worker outreach and training
As part of our community case management efforts, health workers are trained to provide health promotion messages to caregivers of children under five years old. The messages focus on:
- Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, which reduces pneumonia morbidity by 12-23 percent.
- Reduction of indoor air pollution, which reduces pneumonia morbidity by 75 percent.
- Handwashing with soap, which reduces pneumonia morbidity by 50 percent.
We also provide information that:
- Raises awareness about the availability and location of reliable, effective pneumonia treatment through private sector providers using our social franchise approach.
- Improves the ability of caretakers to recognize pneumonia symptoms, promptly seek care and complete the full course of treatment.
As with so many of the issues impacting child health in developing countries, pneumonia infections and deaths are very closely linked to other illnesses and nutritional deficiencies. This underscores the need for an integrated approach to child health and represents one of our main strategies for pneumonia prevention and treatment.
We use our vast network to reach those most vulnerable and build on the health services already available.
We have distributed over 3 million pre-packaged treatments for pneumonia, averting over 230,000 DALYs.
Our pneumonia work is focused on the following areas. Click on a link to learn more about our interventions:
- Integrated Case Management: Our integrated case management programs reduce death and severe disease through prompt and effective diagnosis and treatment where and when people need it.
- Pre-Packaged Treatment: We educate caregivers on the importance of prompt care seeking behavior and where to go when a child presents with cough and rapid breathing, and we distribute pre-packaged therapy for pneumonia.
- Exclusive Breastfeeding: We provide mothers with messages about the importance of early initiation of breastfeeding, followed by exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months and appropriate and timely complementary breastfeeding for children after six months.
- Social Franchising Evidence
As an evidence-based model, social franchising puts high quality healthcare within the reach of people in need around the world. This report showcases results from four studies led by researchers from PSI, the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), and Johns Hopkins University, which demonstrate how social franchising networks, like PSI/Myanmar's Sun Quality Network, improve the quality of health service delivery and health outcomes at-scale, cost effectively and equitably.
- Follow the Need: Recipe for Scaling Up Access to Quality Pneumonia, Diarrhea and Malaria Case Management in South Sudan
Looking at certain 'ingredients,' this case study outlines how PSI and partners are working to scale up access to, quality of, and demand for improved health services and products in South Sudan using integrated community case management (iCCM). It also delineates keys to success and lessons learned from the study.
- DALY Brief: Calculation for Pneumonia Pre-Packaged Treatment (PPT)
This brief presents a guide to calculating DALYs for pneumonia pre-packaged treatment (PPT).
- Technical Program Guide: Pneumonia
This brief provides a technical guide to pneumonia. It delineates the global framework to control the disease, the challenges in regards to quality, access and demand, PSI's strategic response and more.
- PSI’s Integrated Case Management Strategy
This brief explains how integration is at the core of PSI's new organizational strategic plan.
- iCCM: Integrated Community Case Management of Pneumonia, Malaria & Diarrhea
Some 2.5 million child deaths each year are due to pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria- diseases which can be prevented or treated with increased access to simple low-cost interventions. This program brief outlines iCCM in action and what PSI is doing to eradicate these diseases.
- Community Case Management in Cameroon
This cross-sectional study examines outcomes associated with an integrated community case management (CCM) program for malaria and diarrhea implemented in two districts in Cameroon.
- Putting an End to the World’s Leading Killers of Children
This PSI Impact blog post discusses the leading global health organizations that are joining with WHO and UNICEF to take on the diseases that cause 2 million child deaths a year. The Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD) provides a blueprint for deploying strategies that will prevent deaths caused by diarrhea and pneumonia.
- Focusing on Integrated Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea can Save Children’s Lives
Read how PSI is contributing to UNICEF's recommended strategy for integrated health solutions to effectively treat and control pneumonia.
- Measurable Results: PSI Child Survival
PSI strives to focus on the needs of children by integrating pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria and malnutrition programs that produce measureable results and ensure a positive impact on the health of children worldwide. This brief provides an overview of these health areas and a description of how PSI is responding.