We decrease the spread of diarrheal disease and increase access to and use of improved sanitation, especially among low-income households, by working with communities, governments and the private sector.
In both rural and urban areas, we overcome supply and demand barriers to sanitation access and:
- We implement market-based programs, in which we work alongside local and national government stakeholders to help create an environment in which businesses are capacitated to provide quality, affordable toilets. Through marketing and promotion, direct sales and facilitating access to credit, we empower consumers, especially women, to easily purchase a range of context-appropriate sanitation products and services.
- Where the market for sanitation is nascent, particularly in remote, rural areas we either implement or support community-led total sanitation (CLTS) programs, which motivate entire communities to work together, using their own means, to end open defecation practices.
- In urban areas, we facilitate the development of pay-for-use toilet franchises run by local entrepreneurs in informal settlements to create livelihood opportunities while increasing access to affordable sanitation in densely-populated areas. We work with individual households and landlords to ensure equitable access to improved sanitation, as well as support the government to enforce safety regulations.
Market-based sanitation programs: We apply private-sector analysis and approaches to encourage supply-chain activation for the delivery of sanitation products and services.
- 2016 Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Behavioral Study Vietnam
In December 2016, PSI Vietnam conducted a behavioral study among 1,200 rural households in Tien Giang and Dong Thap provinces to assess PSI’s sanitation social marketing program progress and to inform future improvements in coverage and sanitation as well as hygiene behaviors. This study highlights the continuing need for improved sanitation and hand-washing with soap practices among rural families in Vietnam, and identified factors that need to be addressed in order to improve sanitation and hand-washing practices.
- Catalyzing Markets for Urban Sanitation in West Africa
- PSI Vietnam: Social Marketing for Improved Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
To address unsafe water, poor hygiene and limited sanitation in rural communities, PSI Vietnam launched a market based sanitation initiative in rural areas of the Mekong Delta and Central Highlands.
- Constructing Septic Tanks On-Site Using Ferrocement
This technical brief from PSI’s Sanitation Service Delivery (SSD) project describes the procedure for constructing septic tanks using ferrocement.
- Conducting Soils Evaluation for On-Site Wastewater System Design
This technical brief from PSI’s Sanitation Service Delivery (SSD) project describes the procedure for conducting soil evaluations accurately and without a laboratory or expensive soil sieve.
- Business Model Development for Fecal Sludge Management: Insights from Bihar, India
In 2014 PSI began implementing Project Prasaadhan to address critical gaps in fecal sludge management in Bihar, India. Read about the project's key highlights on this poster presented at the 4th Global Symposium on Health Systems Research.
- Market-based Approaches to Sanitation: A Review of the Evidence
This review illustrates the components of market-based approaches to improved sanitation and how they can be used to sustainability and scale.
- SanMark Study to Assess Demand and Supply Chain Barriers among Rural Communities in Three Provinces in Central Vietnam
In 2015, PSI/Vietnam conducted a landscaping study in targeted provinces exploring the sanitation demand and supply chain supporting the application and scaling up of sustainable models of sanitation
- Learning From Bihar, India: an Evolutionary Process and the Impact of a Market Development Program to Create a Functioning Sanitation Market
Market failures are not treated as final, but rather become the target of programs or policies to improve them.
- Efficiently Identifying and Addressing Market Failures in Urban Sanitation in West Africa
Coverage of improved sanitation in West Africa is among the lowest in the world. The Sanitation Service Delivery Program (SSD) is a USAID/West Africa urban sanitation project implemented in Benin, Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana by PSI in collaboration with PATH and WSUP. The goal is to improve urban sanitation outcomes through building and testing scalable, market-based models with an initial focus on Cotonou (Benin), Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire), and Accra and Kumasi (Ghana). Improved sanitation coverage in these countries’ urban areas is currently low.