There are an estimated 273,000 people who inject drugs in Vietnam, but only about 20 percent of them receive harm reduction services (MOH-VAAC: Vietnam HIV/AIDS Estimates and Projection 2007-2012, Hanoi 2009). Injecting drug users (IDUs) account for up to 65 percent of people living with HIV in Vietnam. National HIV prevalence among male IDU has been estimated to be 23.1 percent. Furthermore, sharing syringes and needles is common – an estimated 45 percent of IDUs in Hanoi alone have shared needles (HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2009).
With funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)/ U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the U.K. Department for International Development (DfID), Population Services International (PSI) has provided HIV prevention services to Vietnamese people who inject drugs (PWID) since 2005.
In 2011, the USAID Social Marketing for HIV Prevention Project, implemented by PSI/Vietnam, planned a rapid market assessment to identify needle and syringe types commonly used by people who inject drugs in Vietnam. Recent and emerging evidence suggests needle and syringe types may significantly affect transmission rates of HIV, Hepatitis and other blood-borne viruses. The assessment was designed to inform improvements in national harm reduction efforts among IDUs, including efforts to motivate the use of low dead space (LDS) syringes.
Related content by category
Country: Vietnam, Asia / Pacific
Health Areas: HIV
Type: Case Study
Behavior Type: Safe Syringe Practices