Program Office

Haile Selassie Road
Masaki Msasani Peninsula Area
Plot No. 1347/48
P.O. Box 33500
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Phone: + 255-22-2602742-5
Fax: + 255-22-2602741


Tanzania is rich in natural and extractive resources such as gold, diamonds and tanzanite. Yet, nearly 20 million of its 39 million people live in poverty – without basic health care that could prevent thousands of infectious disease-related deaths each year.

Preventable diseases, such as HIV/AIDS and malaria, are also stunting the country's economic growth. Without effective health interventions to keep its people alive, well and able to work, Tanzania’s gross domestic product is expected to decline up to 20% by 20101.

In 1993, PSI opened a Tanzania office to begin tackling the East African nation’s largest health issue – the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. Later, it branched out with malaria and water-borne disease prevention campaigns.

See "Latest News" below for reports from the World Economic Forum Tanzania.

  1. 1. Source: The World Bank/Tanzania.
Health Areas

Child Survival, Diarrheal Disease, HIV, Malaria, Reproductive Health

Health Impact

PSI/Tanzania estimates that in 2010, its products and services helped avert:

  • 356,657 HIV & TB DALYs1
  • 176,239 Reproductive Health DALYs
  • 319,165 Malaria Control DALYs
  • 10,629 Child Survival DALYs
    1. 1. Source: The DALY (Disability-Adjusted Life Year) is a widely-used, credible metric that was first developed by the World Bank and is now routinely relied upon in the public health community.
Health Interventions
Improving Health in Tanzania


PSI/Tanzania’s HIV prevention program uses commercial marketing strategies to promote Salama condoms and Care female condoms to high-risk groups, such as truck drivers, commercial sex workers and other migrant populations. The program builds trust in these products though cultural theater groups, mobile video shows and sensitization workshops. In the 1990s, Tanzania posted one of the largest increases in contraceptive use – 2 percentage points per year.1 And the name Salama – which means “safe” – is now the generic word for condom.

PSI/Tanzania also proactively reaches out to young adults ages 15-24. Less than 50% of this age group can name the five most important elements of transmission; and only 17% of women and 26% of men said they used condoms the first time they had sexual intercourse.2


PSI/Tanzania is a major player in the fight against malaria – the No. 1 cause of death of children under 5, and the No. 3 cause of adult death. Malaria also increases the risk for pregnant women to have low birth weight/premature babies, maternal anemia and stillbirths.

Intense community mobilization promotions have made Ngao insecticide retreatment brand a household name. PSI/Tanzania has also helped the Ministry for Health and Social Welfare Services (MOHSWS) develop comprehensive communication materials to educate the public about new treatments.

Reproductive Health

PSI/Tanzania empowers women to overcome traditional gender stereotypes and take advantage of available contraceptives, such as:

  1. Care female condoms.
  2. SafePlan Injectolette (injectable).
  3. SafePlan Microlette (oral).

Child Survival

Access to safe water and sanitation can help decrease the high prevalence of water-borne diseases, such as diarrhea and cholera, in both urban and rural Tanzania. In 2002, PSI/Tanzania (in collaboration with the MOHSWS and Ministry for Water) launched a program for WaterGuard, a household water treatment solution. In 2005, WaterGuard became available in tablet form, which is more user-friendly due to longer shelf-life. And PSI/Tanzanian’s local drama performances model proper hygiene.

  1. 1. Source: Tanzania Case Study, December 2006, USAID/ACQUIRE Project.
  2. 2. Source: Tanzania HIV/AIDS Indicators Survey 2004.
Target Populations

HIV/AIDS: commercial sex workers and their partners, mining industry, youth, migrant workers and truck drivers; Malaria: Mothers and children under five years of age and expectant mothers, particularly in rural areas; Child Survival: Parents, especially those with children under five, particularly in peri-urban areas.

Latest News



  • Ministry for Health and Social Welfare
  • Ministry for Water
  • Tanzanian Commission for AIDS
  • National Malaria Control Program
  • Other local agencies