Ability to understand and correctly follow HIV self-test kit instructions for use in Malawi and Zambia

The ability to achieve an accurate test result and interpret it correctly is critical to the impact and effectiveness of HIV self-testing (HIVST). Simple and easy-to-use devices, instructions for use (IFU) and other support tools have been shown to be key to good performance in sub-Saharan Africa and may be highly contextual. The objective of this study was to explore the utility of cognitive interviewing in optimizing the local understanding of manufacturers’ IFUs to achieve an accurate HIVST result.