Cervical Cancer Screening and Prevention, and Barriers to Uptake: A Review of the Evidence


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Cervical cancer is the second-most common cancer among women in the developing world. In low-resource contexts, cervical cancer has a greater burden of morbidity and mortality because most cases are detected in the late stages. Screening services that detect pre-cancerous lesions in the cervix may be inaccessible to women due to cost, shortage of equipment and providers, and low knowledge about service options.

This review explores cervical cancer screening methods and the barriers and facilitating factors to uptake of screening and treatment services in developing countries.