South Sudan has one of the highest childhood mortality rates in the world, with an infant mortality rate of 102 and an under five mortality rate of 135 per 1,000 live births. Protracted civil war in South Sudan significantly reduced access to services, with only half the population having access to health care services, most of who living more than 5km from the nearest facility. Additionally, a recent survey found that 44.7 percent of children had been ill with fever, 44.2 percent had suffered from diarrhea, and 13.6 percent had had suspected pneumonia in the two weeks prior to the survey.
Looking at certain ‘ingredients,’ this case study outlines how PSI and partners are working to scale up access to, quality of, and demand for improved health services and products in South Sudan using integrated community case management (iCCM). It also delineates keys to success and lessons learned from the study.