Botswana has the second highest HIV/AIDS prevalence amongst men and women aged 15 and older in the world at 17.6% . As the epidemic continues across sub-Saharan Africa, policies and programs have increasingly focused on identifying effective strategies to prevent further infection. Changing sexual behaviors is one way of averting new infections. Evaluations of the effects of such programs require measures of sexual behaviour (and changes over time). Therefore, research that accurately reports sexual behaviour is much needed as previous data has often shown to be of questionable validity. A study in Botswana investigated significant differences in impact of interview methods on selfreporting of sexual behaviours and attitudes.
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