Globally, pneumonia is the most common cause of death among young children. It kills more children under five than HIV/AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. Every year, some 156 million new episodes of childhood pneumonia occur and more than 1.6 million children die annually from this disease.
Despite the immense burden on childhood morbidity and mortality, pneumonia has become a “forgotten killer” and little progress has been made over the past ten years to increase pneumonia treatment-seeking behavior. Only modest resources have been dedicated to controlling pneumonia and donor spending is often channeled through broader child survival or immunization programs.
This brief provides a technical guide to pneumonia. It delineates the global framework to control the disease, the challenges in regards to quality, access and demand, PSI’s strategic response and more.