The rapid urbanization of capital cities like Kampala, Uganda has led to massive growth in informal settlements. An estimated two-thirds of Kampala’s urban population live in informal settlements or slums. (1) Kampala’s slums are characterized by over- crowding, poor sanitation, and inadequate housing. A growing body of evidence shows that the health conditions of the urban poor, especially mothers and newborns, are equal to or worse than their rural counterparts. (2) Studies from neighboring countries have found that maternal and newborn health (MNH) services in urban slums are poor despite physical access to care and an abundance of public and private providers.(3, 4)
In 2018, Population Services International (PSI) and Kampala City Council Authority (KCCA) received funding from USAID for the Kampala Slums Maternal and Newborn Health project (MaNe). The aim of the MaNe project was to collect evidence and test innovative approaches to address demand and supply side barriers to achieve better maternal and newborn health outcomes in Kampala slums.