A key element to controlling the global epidemic of NCDs is primary prevention, which focuses on reducing these modifiable risk factors. The STEPwise Non-communicable Diseases Prevalence and Risk Factor Survey (STEPS) is part of a global endeavor to identify, and address major NCD risk factors in developing countries. The STEPS survey was a nation-wide representative survey of Trinidadians and Tobagonians between 15 to 64 years of age, and had the following objectives:
- To describe the current levels of risk factors for chronic diseases in this population, and to establish baseline data that would allow tracking the direction and magnitude of trends of risk factors over time, and at the same time allowing for comparison among countries.
- To collect data which would inform health policies, programmes and health promotion strategies.
- To predict likely future demands for health services.