PSI/Myanmar provides health products and services, including treatment for tuberculosis (TB), to low income communities through the Sun Quality Health (Sun) social franchise network of private doctors. Due to Myanmar’s high TB and HIV co-infection rate (11% HIV infection among TB patients) Sun doctors advise all TB patients to undergo HIV counselling and testing (CT). […]
HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) is much higher than among the general population in Cambodia (8.7% vs. 0.9%). PSI/Cambodia reaches MSM through targeted interpersonal communications and condom social marketing interventions designed to encourage safer sexual behaviors. These activities are supported by USAID, DFID and The Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis […]
With a concentrated epidemic in India, the focus of the national program is primary and secondary prevention of HIV infections. Conventional serum testing is the prescribed HIV testing methodology being implemented under the national program. This method poses a challenge to effectively reach out to high risk and vulnerable populations as the testing process requires […]
In January 2009, with funding from PEPFAR, PSI/Swaziland launched a mobile HCT service to reach men in important areas where they gather. Based on knowledge of local culture, this effort was focused around dip-tanks, which are community areas where men take their cattle to be fumigated. Because cattle are an important measure of a man’s […]
• Nigeria has the largest population in sub-Saharan Africa, with more than 150 million persons, and 50% of the population is estimated to be 15 years and above. • Recent evidence using modes of transmission models suggests that 66% of new HIV infections occur among persons involved in low risk (have one marital or cohabiting […]
As a result of high HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSW), male clients of FSW account for the largest number of new HIV infections in Vietnam. These men pose a substantial risk of HIV/STI to their regular sexual partners. In 2009, PSI conducted a second round behavioral survey to evaluate the impact of its […]
Same-sex relations in Mozambique are punishable by law and designated “practices against nature.” This legal environment reinforces social stigma and discrimination against men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM were not included in the HIV National Strategic Framework, in spite of a study demonstrating that 5% of HIV infections occur among MSM. In 2009, […]
At 4.3%, HIV prevalence among young women between the ages of 15- 24 years is over three times the rate among young men in the same age range (1.2%) [UNAIDS 2008]. Only one-third of young women display comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge and 87% report an age of first sex before the age of 20 [UNAIDS 2008]. […]
Overlapping sexual relationships are a key driver of HIV in Africa. Addressing multiple and concurrent partnerships (MP and CP) is a priority for the Mozambican Ministry of Health and National AIDS Council (CNCS). To address these issues, PSI/Mozambique launched a pilot CP prevention program in 2008. The program was informed by PSI’s formative quantitative and […]
Botswana has the second highest HIV/AIDS prevalence amongst men and women aged 15 and older in the world at 17.6% . As the epidemic continues across sub-Saharan Africa, policies and programs have increasingly focused on identifying effective strategies to prevent further infection. Changing sexual behaviors is one way of averting new infections. Evaluations of the […]
Injecting drug use (IDU), and related health risks such as HIV, are growing fast along the US-Mexican border. Most research and interventions have been focused on Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, neglecting smaller border towns. In 2008, PSI/Mexico designed an evidence-based communications campaign to decrease needle and syringe sharing among IDUs in Mexicali and San Luis […]
HIV prevention programs serving injecting drug users (IDUs) are limited in Thailand. The absence of a national policy on harm reduction, stigmatization of IDUs by healthcare workers, police harassment, and limited access to methadone maintenance therapy and clean needles and syringes contribute to an estimated HIV prevalence of 40% among Thai IDUs.
Overdose is a leading cause of death among Russia’s approximately 3 million drug users. Naloxone — the lifesaving antidote for opiate overdose – is only sporadically available in Russia, primarily through small-scale, unofficial private sector supply and ad-hoc distribution from humanitarian organizations. A PSI survey in 2009 found 21% of IDUs in Yekaterinburg & St. […]
China has traditionally tackled drug dependence with forced detention of IDUs in compulsory detoxification centers run by China’s Public Security Bureau. These detox centers provide inmates with virtually no access to essential HIV and HCV prevention services and information. This lack of access has perpetuated a cycle of relapse, arrest and detention for many IDUs. […]
PSI/Mozambique in partnership with Pathfinder, UNFPA and Provincial Health Directorates implements interventions to improve sex worker capacity to prevent HIV among other sex workers since 2007, through a network of sex worker peer educators (PEs). PE’s contact street based sex workers and their clients on the street, bars, and houses where they work and are […]
Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. About a third of the population is at risk for Malaria infection and young children represent the most vulnerable segment of the population (Roll Back Malaria, 2005). Use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs) is the primary mode of malaria prevention and ITN distribution is […]
The toll-free hotline, combined with growing cell phone use, could offer a unique opportunity to offer Congolese free, confidential information on FP. Thus, the Ligne Verte was designed as a pilot to see if a cell phone FP hotline could be successful to provide confidential, accurate FP information and to refer potential users to Confiance […]
Harm reduction services and education were mostly non-existent as recently as 2003 in China’s compulsory detoxification centers. These centers are operated by China’s main law enforcement agency, the Public Security Bureau (PSB). The centers can hold 10,000 inmates and drug users are detained up to two years at a time without parole. The supervising police […]
Discusses the essential components of social marketing for nonprofit organizations.
• Objective : Measure and increase coverage, quality of coverage, equity of access, and efficiency of social marketing products and service delivery systems. • Methods: Rapid assessment and mapping of coverage and access through LQAS surveys, or through census in selected priority areas – to determine whether proximity of target populations to PSI products and […]
Overlapping sexual partnerships increases the likelihood of HIV transmission by removing the protective effects of partnership sequence. Mathematical modeling has shown multiple concurrent partnerships can exponentially increase the rate of HIV transmission. Uganda, Kenya and Zimbabwe cite a reduction in multiple sexual partnerships as “the most extensive contributing factor for HIV incidence decline”.
Since 1994, PSI/Mozambique in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and the National AIDS Council, has implemented HIV prevention programs, including condom social marketing. In 2008, PSI conducted a population-based survey on HIV attitudes, knowledge and behaviors in selected districts of Gaza, Sofala and Zambézia. Survey used to identify the determinants of condom use in […]
Mozambique is characterized by low test rates among the general population. The intervention sought to increase access to CCT services, include interpersonal communication activities focused in prevention through Community Agents and Community Leaders in CCT activities and train CT counselors in couple’s counseling.
To better understand drivers of sexual networks in Mozambique, PSI partnered with OPTIONS Consulting on qualitative study in Maputo among young women engaged in cross-generational and transactional sex.
Overlapping sexual relationships are a key driver of the spread of HIV in East and Southern Africa. Addressing MCP is a key strategy as part of the Mozambican Ministry of Health and National AIDS Council’s Accelerated Plan for HIV Prevention. PSI/Mozambique conducted formative research on MCP in 2008 and integrated MCP into its communication interventions […]
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships (CP) are recognized as a key driver of generalized HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa. As of mid-2008, no published data on CP in Kenya existed. PSI-Kenya conducted formative qualitative research to describe sexual partnering and concurrency to inform HIV prevention strategies and communication. In June of 2009, PSI-Kenya began implementing a mass […]
Overview of a voucher program to mobilize pharmacies to distribute injecting equipment & condoms to IDUs
Sex workers who inject drugs are an important source of new HIV infections in Vietnam. Existing programs for SW and IDU do not address dual risk among the sub-group of injecting SW. PEPFAR funded PSI to develop an evidence-based intervention for SW who use drugs.
USAID funding made possible the development of a compelling new model program to measurably reduce the number of people who initiate injecting drug use (IDU)
Provides an introduction to the Total Market Approach to commodities and services supply in low-income countries.