National HIV prevalence in Nigeria is 3.6%. While there is limited HIV surveillance data specific to persons with disabilities, including populations of the deaf and hard of hearing (DHH), HIV prevention services and information targeting this group in Nigeria have been insufficient. Many materials and services for HIV prevention and treatment are not appropriate for […]
Injecting drug users (IDUs) are a hard to reach population disconnected from the health care system in Thailand. Estimated 2007 HIV prevalence among IDUs in Thailand was 38%.
Through efforts to expand distribution of free and socially marketed condoms in formal and informal distribution outlets, PSI/ Swaziland conducted a study to assess condom coverage and penetration; study findings will inform programming to improve national condom access.
The Niger Delta is located in the southern part of Nigeria. Spreading over a total landmass of about 70,000 sq. kilometers, the region is inhabited by an estimated population of 20 million Nigerians in about 2000 communities. The area is characterized by wetlands and rivers. The region has a large population of disaffected youth that […]
Overdose is a leading cause of death among Russia’s approximately 3 million drug users. Naloxone — the lifesaving antidote for opiate overdose – is only sporadically available in Russia, primarily through small-scale, unofficial private sector supply and ad-hoc distribution from humanitarian organizations. A PSI survey in 2009 found 21% of IDUs in Yekaterinburg & St. […]
China has traditionally tackled drug dependence with forced detention of IDUs in compulsory detoxification centers run by China’s Public Security Bureau. These detox centers provide inmates with virtually no access to essential HIV and HCV prevention services and information. This lack of access has perpetuated a cycle of relapse, arrest and detention for many IDUs. […]
Injecting drug use (IDU), and related health risks such as HIV, are growing fast along the US-Mexican border. Most research and interventions have been focused on Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, neglecting smaller border towns. In 2008, PSI/Mexico designed an evidence-based communications campaign to decrease needle and syringe sharing among IDUs in Mexicali and San Luis […]
HIV prevention programs serving injecting drug users (IDUs) are limited in Thailand. The absence of a national policy on harm reduction, stigmatization of IDUs by healthcare workers, police harassment, and limited access to methadone maintenance therapy and clean needles and syringes contribute to an estimated HIV prevalence of 40% among Thai IDUs.
Harm reduction services and education were mostly non-existent as recently as 2003 in China’s compulsory detoxification centers. These centers are operated by China’s main law enforcement agency, the Public Security Bureau (PSB). The centers can hold 10,000 inmates and drug users are detained up to two years at a time without parole. The supervising police […]
PSI/Mozambique in partnership with Pathfinder, UNFPA and Provincial Health Directorates implements interventions to improve sex worker capacity to prevent HIV among other sex workers since 2007, through a network of sex worker peer educators (PEs). PE’s contact street based sex workers and their clients on the street, bars, and houses where they work and are […]
Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. About a third of the population is at risk for Malaria infection and young children represent the most vulnerable segment of the population (Roll Back Malaria, 2005). Use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs) is the primary mode of malaria prevention and ITN distribution is […]
The toll-free hotline, combined with growing cell phone use, could offer a unique opportunity to offer Congolese free, confidential information on FP. Thus, the Ligne Verte was designed as a pilot to see if a cell phone FP hotline could be successful to provide confidential, accurate FP information and to refer potential users to Confiance […]
Discusses the essential components of social marketing for nonprofit organizations.
• Objective : Measure and increase coverage, quality of coverage, equity of access, and efficiency of social marketing products and service delivery systems. • Methods: Rapid assessment and mapping of coverage and access through LQAS surveys, or through census in selected priority areas – to determine whether proximity of target populations to PSI products and […]
Overlapping sexual partnerships increases the likelihood of HIV transmission by removing the protective effects of partnership sequence. Mathematical modeling has shown multiple concurrent partnerships can exponentially increase the rate of HIV transmission. Uganda, Kenya and Zimbabwe cite a reduction in multiple sexual partnerships as “the most extensive contributing factor for HIV incidence decline”.
Mozambique is characterized by low test rates among the general population. The intervention sought to increase access to CCT services, include interpersonal communication activities focused in prevention through Community Agents and Community Leaders in CCT activities and train CT counselors in couple’s counseling.
To better understand drivers of sexual networks in Mozambique, PSI partnered with OPTIONS Consulting on qualitative study in Maputo among young women engaged in cross-generational and transactional sex.
Overlapping sexual relationships are a key driver of the spread of HIV in East and Southern Africa. Addressing MCP is a key strategy as part of the Mozambican Ministry of Health and National AIDS Council’s Accelerated Plan for HIV Prevention. PSI/Mozambique conducted formative research on MCP in 2008 and integrated MCP into its communication interventions […]
Since 1994, PSI/Mozambique in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and the National AIDS Council, has implemented HIV prevention programs, including condom social marketing. In 2008, PSI conducted a population-based survey on HIV attitudes, knowledge and behaviors in selected districts of Gaza, Sofala and Zambézia. Survey used to identify the determinants of condom use in […]
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships (CP) are recognized as a key driver of generalized HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa. As of mid-2008, no published data on CP in Kenya existed. PSI-Kenya conducted formative qualitative research to describe sexual partnering and concurrency to inform HIV prevention strategies and communication. In June of 2009, PSI-Kenya began implementing a mass […]
Overview of a voucher program to mobilize pharmacies to distribute injecting equipment & condoms to IDUs
Sex workers who inject drugs are an important source of new HIV infections in Vietnam. Existing programs for SW and IDU do not address dual risk among the sub-group of injecting SW. PEPFAR funded PSI to develop an evidence-based intervention for SW who use drugs.
USAID funding made possible the development of a compelling new model program to measurably reduce the number of people who initiate injecting drug use (IDU)
Provides an introduction to the Total Market Approach to commodities and services supply in low-income countries.
Brands in the commercial and public health (PH) sectors add value to the relationships between products and consumers. PH brands can be differentiated from commercial brands by their purposes (changing health behavior), value exchange between brand and consumer, and outcomes (health behavior change).
Integrating HIV prevention into mainstream Health, Population and Nutrition (HPN) is important. In particular FP can help in the fight against the HIV pandemic. In the PEPFAR priority areas there is HIV prevention; PMCT; and BCC. Both HIV prevention and FP programs are synergistic in their efforts to prevent HIV and unwanted pregnancies. Both are […]
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are often ignored or excluded from HIV prevention programs in Africa because of cultural and social barriers. PSI conducted an exploratory study in 2006, demonstrating that an MSM population was present in Togo. These results spurred the launch of an MSM pilot program in Lomé in 2007.
With a 0.13% HIV prevalence rate among the general population, Madagascar is classified as a country with a concentrated HIV/AIDS epidemic. Prevention efforts focus on key populations at risk, such as female sex workers (FSWs), where HIV prevalence is 0.5%. As part of its HIV prevention activities, PSI has promoted and distributed male condoms since […]