Nicaragua, November 24, 2011 – Today, the Pan American Social Marketing Organization (PASMO) and the Segura Network presented the study, “Modern Contraceptive Methods and the IUD with Women of Reproductive Age in Nicaragua.” The purpose of the study was to monitor Nicaraguan women’s perceptions of and behaviors regarding modern contraceptive methods, such as the intrauterine device (IUD), over time. In addition, the study evaluated the level of knowledge women had about cervical cancer and its screening test (the Pap test).
The study took place at the end of 2010 and beginning of 2011 and included interviews with women of reproductive age from the departments of Managua, Chinandega, Chontales, Estelí, Jinotega, RAAN, Masaya, RAAS, and Matagalpa. Some of the important findings include:
- 84% of women surveyed who were sexually active and did not want to have children were using some form of modern contraception.
- The five most commonly recognized modern contraceptives are: oral contraceptives (97%), injectables (96%), male condom (93%), IUDs (68%), and female sterilization (67%).
- The most commonly used method is female sterilization (21%), followed by injectables (19%), oral contraceptives (12%), and the condom (6%).
- At the time of the survey, only 5% of women who were sexually active reported using the IUD.
- 81% of women surveyed had heard of cervical cancer, but only 62% could spontaneously identify the cervical cancer screening test (Pap test).
In addition, the study found that use of modern contraceptives increases when women harbor positive attitudes about them.
To ensure that Nicaraguan women have access to an ample supply of modern contraceptives, the study recommends close collaboration between civil society and the public and private sectors to communicate information on the variety of methods available, reiterate the benefits of family planning, and eliminate myths that still exist around some modern methods. The results also indicate that information campaigns about the Pap test and its importance for preventing cervical cancer are necessary.
About the Segura Network
The Segura Network is a network of private providers that benefits both women (direct consumers) and health providers (network members). The Segura Network offers sexual and reproductive health services that adhere to strict quality standards based on voluntary and informed choice. Members belonging to the network receive trainings to improve the quality of services as well as specialized instruction on various family planning methods. Network members must undergo a certification process before they can officially join the network. In Nicaragua, the Segura Network has more than 60 members in the departments of Managua, León, Chinandega, Estelí, Chontales and Masaya. The network is also present in Guatemala and El Salvador.
The Pan American Social Marketing Organization (PASMO) is a nonprofit organization that began activities in Central America in 1997 with the support of various donors, international agencies, and private foundations. PASMO’s mission is to improve the availability, access, and use of health information, products, and services, using social marketing techniques. PASMO is an affiliate of Population Services International (PSI), the largest social marketing organization in the world with offices and operations in more than 60 countries in Latin America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. www.asociacionpasmo.org