In some settings, condoms are not seen as a contraceptive method. Potential reasons include:
- Condoms marketed for HIV prevention.
- “Family planning” or “contraception” is often synonymous with hormonal and/or medicalized methods.
- The meaning of condom use is important to understand, particularly for adolescents who are often the age group most likely to use condoms.
Is there is a discrepancy between reporting of condom use when asked in the context of pregnancy prevention vs. the context of sexual behavior?
- Most recent DHS in 8 high HIV prevalence countries (Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe).
- Compared responses in “Contraception” (doing anything to avoid pregnancy) and “Sexual Activity” (used condom at last sex) modules, with time since last sex.
- % of contraceptive users who report using methods less effective than the condom (female condom, EC, SDM, LAM, rhythm, withdrawal, and no method) vs. % used condom at last sex.