Several studies have confirmed the steep rise in the prevalence of NCDs in both urban and rural areas of India. The prevalence of some of the risk factors has also increased; almost one-fourth of the population is overweight (21.4%), with 4.7% obese and 12.1% physically inactive. The ratio of females is much higher than males in all these categories.
The National NCD Summit, in collaboration with CII and Eli Lilly, has moved to its fourth year of existence. The first two summits in 2013 and 2014 emphasized primary prevention of NCDs in India in collaboration with state governments and Public Sector Enterprise (PSEs). The 2015 summit focused on tertiary care management of NCDs. In 2016, the idea was to revisit the previous summits and strengthen NCD care and management by moving from “Best Practices” to “Next Practices”. The synergistic venture between CII and Lilly India with scientific support from PSI/India has built a consensus both at the regional and national level – urging all relevant stakeholders to learn and share from practices that have worked as well as those that did not in NCD management.
Three best practices emerged: the Score Card initiative of Western Coal Limited, the Lifestyle clinic of Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Hospital (JNM) Hospital, and NCD health clinics set up at the primary (dispensary) health level by MCGM. In addition, some other innovative projects in the area of NCDs were identified and are presented for feasibility of their expansion/replication.